Small Business Legal Advice: 10 Must-Know Basics for Business Owners

Legal advice for small businesses

We often take for granted the laws that govern our daily lives. They are intuitive and require little thought. However, when it comes to business law, things can get a bit more complicated. That’s why it’s crucial for small business owners to seek legal advice from qualified professionals.

Business law covers various aspects of your business, including contract law, employment law, tax law, workplace safety law, and more. It’s a complex field that requires expertise. While you don’t need to become a lawyer, it’s vital to be aware of potential legal issues and work with lawyers to ensure compliance with the law.

If you’re a small business owner seeking legal advice, here are ten essential legal matters you need to know about:

1. A Binding Contract Requires a Meeting of the Minds

In contract law, a fundamental principle is that a binding contract requires a “meeting of the minds.” This means that both parties involved should have a shared understanding of the terms of the contract and agree to be bound by those terms. It’s crucial to be clear about what you’re signing and seek the help of an attorney to ensure everyone understands their obligations.

2. The Validity of Written Contracts vs. Oral Contracts

While oral contracts can be legally enforceable, they can be challenging to prove in court. Certain types of contracts, such as real estate sales, contracts for goods over $500, and contracts that cannot be performed within a year, must be in writing to be considered valid. It’s always best to err on the side of a written contract to avoid confusion.

3. Protection of Your Intellectual Property Is Important

Without proper protection of your intellectual property, such as patents, copyrights, or trademarks, your business could be vulnerable to infringement. It’s crucial to consult with a specialized attorney who can guide you in safeguarding your intellectual property rights.

4. Privacy Policies Are Crucial to Protect Customers

In the digital age, customer privacy is a significant concern. Every business should establish a formal privacy policy to protect customers’ personal data and sensitive information. Clear disclosure of any data sharing or selling practices is essential.

5. Your Small Business Should Adequately Safeguard Data

Cybercrime and data breaches affect businesses of all sizes. As a small business owner, you must ensure proper cybersecurity measures are in place to safeguard customer and employee data. Regular backups and off-site storage of critical files are also essential.

6. Consider a Trust for Legal Protection

Running a business as a sole proprietorship exposes your personal assets to potential lawsuits. Setting up a trust can protect your personal assets from business litigation. Consult with legal experts to explore this option.

7. Always Keep Personal and Business Funds Separate

Maintaining clear separation between personal and business funds is crucial to avoid legal issues. Open a separate bank account and credit cards for your business to ensure proper financial separation.

8. Your Small Business Should Maintain Comprehensive Insurance

Having adequate insurance coverage can protect your business from various risks and claims, such as accidents, natural disasters, and data breaches. Consult with insurance experts to ensure your policies provide adequate coverage.

9. It’s Usually Better to Negotiate versus Litigate

Lawsuits can be costly, time-consuming, and unpredictable. Whenever possible, try to negotiate and settle disputes outside of court. Alternative dispute resolution methods like mediation or arbitration can save time and money.

10. Your Choice of Legal Business Structure Is Important

Different legal business structures offer varying levels of personal asset protection. Sole proprietorships are the default option, but they don’t separate business and personal liabilities. Consider LLCs or corporations to benefit from added protection.

It’s crucial to seek legal advice and consult with an attorney to navigate these legal matters effectively.


Q: Do I really need small business legal advice?

A: Yes, seeking legal advice is crucial for small business owners to ensure compliance with the law and protect their interests. Consulting with a qualified business lawyer can help you navigate legal complexities and avoid costly mistakes.

Q: Can I use oral contracts for my business?

A: While oral contracts can be legally enforceable, it’s always best to have written contracts to avoid confusion and ensure clarity of terms.

Q: Should I negotiate or litigate a business dispute?

A: Litigation should be the last resort, as lawsuits can be expensive and time-consuming. Trying to negotiate a settlement or opting for alternative dispute resolution methods like mediation or arbitration can often result in a more satisfactory outcome.


Understanding the basics of business law is essential for small business owners. While this article provides a starting point, it’s important to consult with a qualified business lawyer for personalized advice. Remember, seeking legal guidance can help protect your business, comply with regulations, and prevent costly legal issues down the road.

Instant Global News is committed to providing you with informative and relevant content to help you navigate the ever-changing business landscape. Stay informed and make well-informed decisions for your small business.