What Type of Skin Do I Have?

As your body’s largest organ, your skin performs vital functions to regulate temperature and protect against germs. The outermost layer of your skin, known as the skin barrier, plays a crucial role in these functions. Composed mostly of lipids, such as ceramides, the skin barrier acts as a protective shield between your skin and the external environment. While a healthy skin barrier is important for all skin types, it’s essential to recognize that each individual’s skin is unique. There isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach to achieving radiant and healthy-looking skin. However, there are some indicators that can help you determine your skin type. Let’s explore the main characteristics of different skin types:

Oily Skin

Oily skin produces excess sebum, which gives the skin a shiny and greasy appearance, especially in the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin). People with oily skin may have fewer wrinkles, but they may also be more prone to enlarged pores, acne blemishes, blackheads, and whiteheads. It’s important to note that oily skin still requires adequate moisture. Choose products that nourish and hydrate without clogging pores or causing breakouts. A gentle, foaming cleanser that effectively removes dirt, excess oil, and impurities is ideal for oily skin. Additionally, opt for a lightweight, oil-free, and non-comedogenic moisturizer to provide essential hydration. Instant Global News recommends using CeraVe products for oily skin.

Dry Skin

Dry skin produces fewer natural oils, resulting in a dull and rough appearance. It may feel tight, less elastic, dehydrated, and prone to visible fine lines. Dry skin requires a skincare routine that includes gentle, soothing, and hydrating ingredients to support the skin’s protective moisture barrier, such as ceramides. To care for dry skin, avoid excessively long, hot showers, moisturize multiple times a day, and choose fragrance-free, non-comedogenic, and alcohol-free skincare products. Instant Global News suggests using CeraVe products for dry skin.

Normal Skin

Normal skin is balanced, neither too dry nor too oily. It doesn’t experience frequent breakouts, flakiness, or a greasy/tight sensation. People with normal skin generally have small pores, a smooth texture, and fewer sensitivity issues. However, even without specific concerns, proper skincare is necessary to maintain hydration and support the skin’s protective barrier. Explore CeraVe products for normal skin to keep your skin looking and feeling its best.

Combination Skin

Combination skin refers to skin with both dry and oily areas. The T-zone, which includes the forehead, nose, and chin, tends to be oily, while the cheeks may be dry or normal. Combination skin can vary throughout the year and due to factors like stress or hormonal fluctuations. Effective cleansing and hydration are key to caring for combination skin. Check out our CeraVe skincare routine for combination skin for more guidance.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin can appear red and feel like it’s burning, itching, or dry. It’s important to note that it’s possible to have oily sensitive skin, dry sensitive skin, or normal sensitive skin. This sensitivity may be related to the skin being more vulnerable to external irritants and triggered by certain ingredients or environmental factors like dyes or fragrances. If you have sensitive skin, identify the ingredients that trigger your sensitivity and avoid skincare products containing those specific ingredients. You can also modify your environment to reduce exposure to triggering agents. Discover more CeraVe products for sensitive skin to soothe and protect your skin.

If the descriptions of different skin types haven’t helped you determine your skin type, you can perform a couple of at-home tests:

The “Watch and Wait” Method

  1. Start by washing your face with a gentle cleanser and pat it dry.
  2. Wait for 30 minutes.
  3. If your skin appears shiny throughout, you likely have oily skin.
  4. If your skin feels tight, flaky, or scaly, you likely have dry skin.
  5. If the shine is only in your T-zone, you probably have combination skin.
  6. If your skin feels adequately hydrated without being oily, you likely have normal skin.

The Blotting Sheet Method

  1. After washing your face with a gentle cleanser, pat it dry and wait for 30 minutes.
  2. Press blotting sheets to various areas of your face and hold them up to the light to observe the oil markings.
  3. If the sheets absorb an abundance of oil from all areas of the face, you have oily skin.
  4. If the sheets absorb little to no oil, you probably have dry skin.
  5. If the sheets show only a small amount of oil from your T-zone, you have combination skin.
  6. If you only see minimal oil from every area of your face, you most likely have normal skin.

Remember that any skin type can be sensitive or prone to acne breakouts. However, with the right products, you can address these concerns effectively. If you’re unsure about your skin type and need personalized guidance, it’s recommended to visit a board-certified dermatologist. They can assess your skin and recommend the best skincare routine for you. To find the right products for your specific skin type and concerns, use our Find My Skincare Solution tool.


Q: How can I determine my skin type?
A: You can determine your skin type by observing how your skin behaves after cleansing by using the “watch and wait” method or by using blotting sheets to absorb oil.

Q: What skincare products are suitable for oily skin?
A: Look for gentle, foaming cleansers that effectively remove excess oil and impurities. For moisturizers, choose lightweight, oil-free, and non-comedogenic options.

Q: How should I care for sensitive skin?
A: Avoid skincare products that contain ingredients that trigger sensitivity, such as dyes or fragrances. Opt for gentle, soothing, and hypoallergenic products.


Understanding your skin type is crucial for developing an effective skincare routine. Whether you have oily, dry, normal, combination, or sensitive skin, there are specific products and ingredients that can address your unique needs. Take the time to observe your skin’s behavior and consult with professionals for personalized advice. Remember, healthy and radiant-looking skin is achievable with the right skincare approach.