Should I Refinance My Student Loans?

Alternatives to refinancing student loans

A student loan refinance could be a game-changer when it comes to saving on interest and managing your monthly payments more effectively. But is it the right move for you? Let’s delve into some key considerations before making a decision.

When should I refinance my student loans?

Student loan refinancing involves replacing your current student loans with a new loan from a private lender. The ideal time to refinance depends on your unique circumstances and prevailing interest rates.

Here are a few reasons why you might consider refinancing your student loans:

  • You have private student loans: Private student loans usually lack specific benefits or protections, making it easier to switch lenders. Refinancing federal student loans, on the other hand, may cause you to forfeit government benefits.

  • You have a good credit score and stable finances: To refinance your student loans, you typically need a credit score of at least 650. Additionally, a steady income is crucial for meeting the new loan’s monthly payments. If you fall short on either requirement, applying with a creditworthy cosigner might be an option.

  • You qualify for a lower interest rate: Many lenders allow you to explore potential offers without impacting your credit. Comparing lenders using a student loan refinance calculator can help you determine how much you could save.

In essence, the best time to refinance your student loans is when you qualify for a lower interest rate. Keep in mind that you can refinance multiple times, allowing you to switch whenever you find a better offer. However, be cautious of refinancing fees, as they could potentially offset your savings.

When should I NOT refinance student loans?

While refinancing can save you time and money, it might not always be the optimal solution for your debt. Here are a few reasons to reconsider refinancing:

  • You don’t qualify for a lower interest rate: The primary benefit of refinancing is reducing your student loan interest rate. If you don’t qualify for a better rate, sticking with your current lender might be the wiser choice.

  • You have federal student loans: Refinancing federal student loans means sacrificing access to government protections like income-driven repayment plans, student loan forgiveness programs, and deferment and forbearance options.

  • You have defaulted student loans or recently filed for bankruptcy: Most lenders require that your loans are in good standing before approving a refinance. Consequently, you typically cannot refinance a student loan in default or with bankruptcy on your credit report. However, once you’ve recovered from a student loan default, you can consider refinancing.

  • The refinance fees are too high: Certain lenders charge origination or application fees for refinancing student loans. While many lenders offer fee-free refinances, it’s crucial to review the terms and conditions to ensure long-term savings.

How much will I save by refinancing?

By refinancing your student loans, you have the potential to save thousands of dollars over the loan’s duration, depending on factors such as your loan balance, credit profile, and new refinance rate.

For instance, let’s assume you have $30,000 in student loans with a 7% interest rate and a 10-year term. With these numbers, your monthly payments would amount to $348.

By refinancing to a 5% rate, you could reduce your repayment time by one year while maintaining a similar monthly payment of $346. In addition to the time saved, you would save $4,483 in interest by refinancing to the lower rate.

Am I eligible to refinance my student loans?

Student loan refinancing companies typically have stricter eligibility requirements compared to federal student loans. Before applying, it’s important to research the specific requirements of each lender.

While refinance criteria may vary, lenders generally consider the following factors:

  • Credit score: Your FICO Score plays a significant role in determining your creditworthiness. Many lenders prefer a score of 650 or higher. Boosting your credit score before applying can improve your chances of securing the best rate.

  • Debt-to-income ratio: Lenders assess your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio, which shows how much of your income goes toward monthly bills. A lower ratio is typically more favorable, and many lenders require a DTI ratio below 50%.

  • Monthly income: Lenders want assurance that you can handle the monthly loan payments. You’ll likely need to provide recent pay stubs or tax returns as proof of income.

  • School details: Lenders usually require that the original student loan funds were used at a qualifying Title IV-accredited school in the United States. Additionally, most lenders require borrowers to have completed their degree, although Citizens Bank offers financing options for non-graduates.

For more detailed information, explore our comprehensive guide on how to refinance student loans.

Alternatives to student loan refinancing

If you’re looking for additional ways to manage your student loan debt, here are a few options to consider, including alternatives for federal student loans:

  • Student loan forgiveness: Eligible students can apply to have part or all of their student loans forgiven through programs like Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF), Teacher Loan Forgiveness, and military loan forgiveness.

  • Direct Consolidation Loan: Consolidating your federal student loans into a Direct Consolidation Loan allows you to retain federally-sponsored benefits, such as access to income-driven repayment plans and student loan forgiveness.

  • Employer student loan repayment assistance: Check out our list of 20 companies offering student loan repayment assistance to see if your employer provides this valuable benefit.


Q: Can I refinance my federal student loans?
A: While refinancing federal student loans might not be the best course of action due to the loss of government protections, it’s not entirely off the table. It’s crucial, however, to weigh the benefits against the sacrifices before making a decision.

Q: Can I refinance my student loans more than once?
A: Yes, you can refinance your student loans multiple times. By keeping an eye on the market and comparing offers from different lenders, you can take advantage of better terms whenever they arise.

Q: Can I refinance my student loans if I have a cosigner?
A: Absolutely! Applying for student loan refinancing with a creditworthy cosigner can boost your chances of approval and may even help you secure a lower interest rate.


Deciding whether to refinance your student loans requires careful consideration of your specific circumstances. Keep in mind that eligibility requirements, interest rates, and potential savings vary from lender to lender. By conducting thorough research and weighing the pros and cons, you can make an informed decision that suits your financial goals. Remember to always consult with a financial advisor if you need personalized advice.